1 Peter 1 & 2

I have a friend who believes that the two epistles of Peter were written many years apart. if you read them I can see how he comes to that conclusion.


1 Peter 1
vs 1 check out elect and exiles

Aramaic to english 1 Petraus, an Apostle of Yeshua The Messiah, to The Chosen Ones and Pilgrims who are scattered in Pontus and in Galatia, in Qapadoqia, in Asia and in Bithunia; 2 Those who have been chosen in the prior knowledge of God The Father by sanctification of The Spirit, for obedience and for the sprinkling of the blood of Yeshua The Messiah. Grace and peace be multiplied to you.

1:2. “sprinkling with the blood of Jesus Christ.” This sprinkling of the blood of Christ is not referring to the new birth, or the cleansing of sin when one gets saved. Rather, this is speaking of a continual cleansing of sin throughout a believer’s life. The Greek of 1 Peter 1:2 literally reads, “In sanctification of spirit resulting in [eis # 1519 εἰς] obedience and sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ.” The obedience and sprinkling of the blood is the result of sanctification. If sanctification means the act of being made holy by God, this verse would be very confusing; we usually think of this sanctified state as the result of being washed by the blood of Christ, forgiven of our sins, and not the other way around (1 Cor. 6:11). Sanctification is not used only in this sense in scripture, however. It can also refer to the progressive holiness in the believer’s life as he sets himself apart from the world (1 Thess. 4:3-7; 1 Tim. 2:15; 21). This is its sense in this passage; this sanctification results in obedience and the sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ The REV comentary stf online http://www.stfonline.org/pdf/rev/1_peter_commentary.pdf

4 and into an inheritance that can never perish, spoil or fade. This inheritance is kept in heaven for you,

The language takes us back to the promise made to Israel.

Look down at verse 4 and into an inheritance that can never perish, spoil or fade. If it can never perish, spoil or fade how can people teach that it can be lost. There are so many places that say it can’t be lost and people take verses that say things like no whoremonger will inherit the kingdom but what exactly does that verse say?

Eph 5:5 For this ye know, that no whoremonger, nor unclean person, nor covetous man, who is an idolater, hath any inheritance in the kingdom of Christ and of God.

There are 2 parts we do not fit into unclean who is an idolater. It is almost funny but baptism in holy spirit takes care of the unclean part. John’s baptism tried to cleanse from the outside it never cleaned the inside. Baptism in holy spirit cleaned the inside. After you confess Jesus as your lord and believe God raised him from the dead (Romans 10: 9,10) you are cleansed on the inside. Does that mean that your actions change from wrong to right? No that is a process it takes time it is the two natures at war. The man of sin and the new man in Christ. One does not suddenly become robotic because you got born again it takes study and making adjustments our behavior.

5 who through faith are shielded by God’s power until the coming of the salvation that is ready to be revealed in the last time.

We have been shielded by God we cannot lose that holy spirit. We will be there at the shout in 1 Thessalonians 4

We will still have trials times where our faith gets tired.

6 In all this you greatly rejoice, though now for a little while you may have had to suffer grief in all kinds of trials.


7 These have come so that the proven genuineness of your faith—of greater worth than gold, which perishes even though refined by fire—may result in praise, glory and honor when Jesus Christ is revealed.

When you come through one of these trials you will have hopefully stood on the word and you are not going to lose the reward due you for standing.

8 Though you have not seen him, you love him; and even though you do not see him now, you believe in him and are filled with an inexpressible and glorious joy, 9 for you are receiving the end result of your faith, the salvation of your souls.

This verse should take us back to what Jesus said

John 20:29 Jesus saith unto him, Thomas, because thou hast seen me, thou hast believed: blessed are they that have not seen, and yet have believed.

I have never seen Jesus either in presence or in a vision some have I believe that. For whatever reason I don’t need that or at least thus far I have not needed that. Remember God works with us as we are not how we should be or someone thinks we should be. We all have a learning curve. I can handle more today than I could in 1976 just as you can.

10 Concerning this salvation, the prophets, who spoke of the grace that was to come to you, searched intently and with the greatest care, 11 trying to find out the time and circumstances to which the Spirit of Christ in them was pointing when he predicted the sufferings of the Messiah and the glories that would follow.

I’m not sure why it says the spirit of Christ. The spirit of Christ as far as I understand became available on the day of Pentecost

Here is how Bullinger translates this verse:

10 Concerning this salvation, the prophets, who spoke of the grace that was to come to you, searched intently and with the greatest care, 11 trying to find out the time and circumstances to which the Spirit of Christ in them was pointing when he predicted the sufferings of the Messiah and the glories that would follow.


11 Searching unto what, or what manner of time The Holy Spirit ... which was in them did point of Christ, when it testified beforehand the sufferings with reference to Christ and the glory after these things


I suggest you check out the above link at your leisure to see why he did this.

12 It was revealed to them that they were not serving themselves but you, when they spoke of the things that have now been told you by those who have preached the gospel to you by the Holy Spirit sent from heaven. Even angels long to look into these things.


1:12. “by the holy spirit.” The REV has “by the spirit,” adding the word “the” even though the Greek text does not have it. The Greek reads en pneuma (“in spirit”), but the definite article is not needed in prepositional phrases to make the noun definite. Daniel Wallace writes: “There is no need for the article to be used to make the object of a preposition definite. ...This is recognized by most grammarians.” (Greek Grammar Beyond the Basics, p. 247). [For more information, see commentary on Matthew 23:43). [For more information on the uses of “Holy Spirit”, see Appendix 6: “Usages of ‘Spirit’”.]


“look.” The Greek word is parakuptō (#3879 παρακύπτω), and it means to stoop down or towards something in order to look at it, or to look at something with the head bowed forward or with the body bent over. It is also used metaphorically for looking at or into something carefully or intently. There is a metaphorical use of the verb in which it is used for a rapid or cursory glance, and some commentators have taken that to be the sense in this verse. Is this verse saying that angels want to be able to look intently into how God planned it so that people before us actually served us via their obedience and faith, or is it saying, like the NET translation, that since angels cannot really see how God planned it all, these are “things angels long to catch a glimpse of.” Since it is difficult to make a choice, it seemed better to go with the middle ground meaning of parakuptō, to look, which can mean to look intently or to glance at (see commentary on John 20:5).


13 Therefore, with minds that are alert and fully sober, set your hope on the grace to be brought to you when Jesus Christ is revealed at his coming.

Our mindsets need to be based on the hope. It is what motivates us keeps us charged up in the face of the onslaught of the wicked one. You need that hope or you will burn out or end up on a wrong path.

The hope I believe was the first thing lost. Preparation for death replaced the return. Greek philosophy was of course rampant in the areas where the apostles were. This is why many believe that Thessalonians was the first book written. People lost sight of the hope.

14 As obedient children, not fashioning yourselves according to the former lusts in your ignorance:  15 But as he which hath called you is holy, so be ye holy in all manner of conversation;  16 Because it is written, Be ye holy; for I am holy.

We are to be obedient children. God has done so much and he asks us to just do as the word says. He has called us holy so that is what he asks of us to be holy. Wants us holy in every facet of our lives. God wants us to imatate him.  (Ephesians 5:1)

We need to be living in he renewed mind living in that new nature.

17 And if ye call on the Fatherur father and his desire and , who without respect of persons judgeth according to every man's work, pass the time of your sojourning here in fear:

I like the REV on verse 17:
17 And since you call on him as a Father who judges impartially  according to each one’s work, conduct yourselves in fear during the time of your sojourning.

During our traveling through where ever we get lead in life remeber we all get judged by the same standard. God isn’t hiding what we can expect. We need to operate in reverance to our father taking all that he has told us and operating by the revelation no matter if it is in the written word or something we have been told directly by Jesus Christ.

18 Forasmuch as ye know that ye were not redeemed with corruptible things, as silver and gold, from your vain conversation received by tradition from your fathers;  19 But with the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot: 20 Who verily was foreordained before the foundation of the world, but was manifest in these last times for you,  21 Who by him do believe in God, that raised him up from the dead, and gave him glory; that your faith and hope might be in God.

In verse 18 the word vain is mataios It means  devoid of force, sucess, result, useless or of no purpose. it is translated vain ot vanities in KJV.  The NIV translates it empty way of life,  some of the newer translations use futile which is probably as good if not better than most, the word conversation  is manner of life or behavior which all came to us by traditions of our fathers for many of us that was denominational religion. In any case all these traditions we had were useless they got us nothing and we are suppose to now be operating according to God’s plan not things of our own making.

So God made Plan J before the foundation of the earth in case the Adam plan failed because he was giving man freedom of will which could go very badly wrong. He had to have the messiah plan ready to go in the Adam plan went haywire. As it turned out that was a very good idea to have the back up plan.

22 Seeing ye have purified your souls in obeying the truth through the Spirit unto unfeigned love of the brethren, see that ye love one another with a pure heart fervently:
23 Being born again, not of corruptible seed, but of incorruptible, by the word of God, which liveth and abideth for ever.
For all those who teach you can lose your salvation I have a question, how do you get un-born? My parents are both dead but I will always be their son no matter what I did. With my parents I was born of a corrupted seed. If the Lord tarries I will die. With the seed from God if I should die I will be raised at the gathering together. That spiritual seed will not corrupt it will stay forever
24 For all flesh is as grass, and all the glory of man as the flower of grass. The grass withereth, and the flower thereof falleth away:
That reminds me of Psalm 103: 15 As for man, his days are as grass: as a flower of the field, so he flourishes.
16 For the wind passeth over it, and it is gone; and the place thereof shall know it no more.
The glory of man is temporary at best.

25 But the word of the Lord endureth for ever. And this is the word which by the gospel is preached unto you.

God had the first word and he will certainly have the last word as well.

The first word of 1 Pete 2 is therefore. Therefore is a conjunction so we need to back up in the context to see what it is talking about.

1 Peter 1:18 For you know that it was not with perishable things such as silver or gold that you were redeemed from the empty way of life handed down to you from your ancestors, 19 but with the precious blood of Christ, a lamb without blemish or defect. 20 He was chosen before the creation of the world, but was revealed in these last times for your sake. 21 Through him you believe in God, who raised him from the dead and glorified him, and so your faith and hope are in God.
22 Now that you have purified yourselves by obeying the truth so that you have sincere love for each other, love one another deeply, from the heart. 23 For you have been born again, not of perishable seed, but of imperishable, through the living and enduring word of God. 24 For,“All people are like grass,and all their glory is like the flowers of the field;the grass withers and the flowers fall, 25 but the word of the Lord endures forever.”c
And this is the word that was preached to you.

So lets; move onto chapter 2.

1 Peter 2:1 Therefore, rid yourselves of all malice and all deceit, hypocrisy, envy, and slander of every kind. 2 Like newborn babies, crave pure spiritual milk, so that by it you may grow up in your salvation, 3 now that you have tasted that the Lord is good.

This is addressed to new believers and all believers in the Lord. In the REV it reads:Therefore, put away all malice,and all deceit, and hypocrisy, and envy, and all evil speaking:  It all comes down to getting back to basics. We may feel at times well I have been standing for however many years and we do not need to be reminded about the basics of the word. It is nice to be able to say that verse 1 here has a figure of speech called polysyndeton, it means many ands being used in most lists it would read malice, deceit hypocrisy, envy and slander of every kind. It gives equal weight to all things listed so there is no climax at the end. We still need to get back to all the basics in the word. Remember all things have to be brought back to what does the word say. If it is something not said in the word then it is a doctrine of man and made up by men. We always need to use the word as our basic rule of truth.

4 To whom coming, as unto a living stone, disallowed indeed of men, but chosen of God,and precious, 5 Ye also, as lively stones, are built up a spiritual house, an holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices, acceptable to God by Jesus Christ.

I like the translation in the REV:  rejected by man but chosen
and precious in the sight of God, 5 you also, as living stones, are built
up into a spiritual house, to be a holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual
sacrifices that are acceptable to God through Jesus Christ.

The words to be a holy priesthood have the ring of the Hebrew Scriptures rather than the Greek. Israel will be the priesthood in the millennial kingdom. If you read through the whole book you will not see the mystery it had not been revealed yet. On the other hand Peter does mention the writing of Paul in 2 Peter. One thing we need to remember just because someone got born again does not mean that God was able to reveal all the information concerning the new birth. Consider what you had to go through to get where you are today these men had to go through very much the same thing going from the law administration to grace was a bumpy a ride for them as it was for us.

In Acts 10 they still had not gotten the idea of witnessing to the gentiles it took God 3 times of giving Peter the revelation of “Do not call anything impure that God has made clean.” (Acts 10:15b) (NIV)  God almost needed a cattle prod to get Peter to go. So Peter went and what happened Cornelius Got saved along with his house so Peter came back reported it all to the apostles and they went right back to trying to convert the Jews only.

(NET) 6 For it says in scripture, “Look, I lay in Zion a stone, a chosen and priceless cornerstone, and whoever believes in him will  never be put to shame.7 So you who believe see his value, but for those who do not believe, the stone that the builders rejected has become the cornerstone, 8 and a stumbling-stone and a rock to trip over. They stumble because they disobey the word, as they were destined to do. 9 But you are a chosen race, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, a people of his own, so that you may proclaim the virtues of the one who called you out of darkness into his marvelous light. 10 You once were not a people, but now you are God’s people. You were shown no mercy, but now you have received mercy.

Again notice how this is talking about Israel remember how it talks about the dispersion in chapter 1 that is talking about how Syria took the 10 northern tribes captive and carried them away there were people who stayed right where they were and became the lost tribes of Israel as they sometimes get referred to by men.

11 Dear friends, I urge you as foreigners and exiles to keep away from fleshly desires that do battle against the soul, 12 and maintain good conduct among the non-Christians, so that though they now malign you as wrongdoers, they may see your good deeds and glorify God when he appears.  13 Be subject to every human institution for the Lord’s sake, whether to a king as supreme 14 or to governors as those he commissions to punish wrongdoers and praise those who do good. 15 For God wants you to silence the ignorance of foolish people by doing good.16 Live as free people, not using your freedom as a pretext for evil, but as God’s slaves. 17 Honor all people, love the family of believers, fear God, honor the king.

Here we are reminded of Romans 13 and 1 Timothy 2. we need to pray for our government as well as obey the laws as long as they do not go up against the word of God such as in Daniel 3. We always stand on the word and the first of the laws and commandments ‘Thou shalt no other gods before me.”

18 Slaves, be subject to your masters with all reverence, not only to those who are good and gentle, but also to those who are perverse. 19 For this finds God’s favor, if because of conscience toward God someone endures hardships in suffering unjustly. 20 For what credit is it if you sin and are mistreated and endure it? But if you do good and suffer and so endure, this finds favor with God. 21 For to this you were called, since Christ also suffered for you, leaving an example for you to follow in his steps. 22 He committed no sin nor was deceit found in his mouth. 23 When he was maligned, he did not answer back; when he suffered, he threatened no retaliation, but committed himself to God who judges justly.24 He himself bore our sins in his body on the tree, that we may cease from sinning and live for righteousness. By his wounds you were healed. 25 For you were going astray like sheep but now you have turned back to the shepherd and guardian of your souls.

In verse 24 we are told by his stripes we were healed. Since there is obvious sickness in the world and believers get sick that must be a future promise. We do have healing available to us we still live in a fallen world. The ultimate end of sickness is death and the last enemy that will be destroyed is death.  So when it says by his stripes we were healed it has to be talking about the future. We are members of the body of Christ and God designed the human body to heal itself so we within the body of Christ need to minister to each other.




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